| Originally, Shanghai was a
seaside fishing village and in time its gradual development led to it
being granted County status on August 19th, 1291 during the Yuan
Dynasty (1271-1368). Hence this day became the anniversary of the
founding of Shanghai. Today's Shanghai is a multi-cultural metropolis
with both modern and traditional Chinese features. Bubbling Shanghai
shows off every aspect of her unique glamour.
Geographical Area of Shanghai
Shanghai is the largest city of China and covers an area of 5,800
square kilometers. Shanghai, which means "above the sea", faces
the East China Sea (part of the Pacific Ocean), and is bisected by the
Huangpu River. Puxi contains the city proper on the western side of
Huangpu River, while an entirely new financial district has been
erected on the eastern bank of the Huangpu in Pudong.
Shanghai experiences all four seasons, with freezing temperatures
during the winter season and a 32 o C average high during the hottest
months of July and August. Temperatures extremes of -10 o C and +41 o C
have been recorded. Heavy rain is frequent in early summer. Spring
starts in March, summer in June, autumn in September and winter in
December. The weather in spring, although considered the most beautiful
season, is highly variable, with frequent rain and alternating spells
of warmth and cold.
||Average Temp o C
||10 o C to 15 o C
||21 o C to 40 o C
|September - November
||18 o C to 28 o C
||-2 o C to 7 o C
The unit of money in China is called Renminbi (RMB). The basic
unit is the yuan (also known as "kuai"), which equals 10 jiao (or
"mao"), which is then divided into 10 fen. Notes are in 1.2,5,10,50 and
100 yuan denominations. Paper jiao come in the denominations of 1, 2,
and 5. There are also 1 and 2 fen notes, but these are rarely used as
they have no purchasing power. 1 yuan, 1 and 5 jiao, and 1, 2, and 5
fen coins are also used but are more common in larger cities.
Shanghai has a population of 18.7 million people, including 2 million
The official language in China is Mandarin but distinct dialects are
spoken throughout the country. English is not normally used
except in major cities.
China is officially atheist, but traditionally pragmatic and eclectic.
Some 2% to 3% of the population practice Daoism (Taoism), Buddhism and
Islam. An estimated 1% are Christians.